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Geochain™

作者:管理员 来源: 日期:2014-6-25 10:31:04 人气:

 

Geochain™ Your Borehole Seismic Solution

Geochain™ is established as the complete VSP digital seismic system, operating with up to 50 satellites for maximum logging and recording efficiency and is the result of over five years of research and development.

The system is made up of individual satellites of our tried and tested ASR-1 borehole geophone of which over 1000 are now in use worldwide. The GeochainTM system has been widely used by major players in the North Sea, North Africa, Gulf of Mexico, Canada and China with outstanding success.


 

Features

 

  • Ideal for VSP & Microseismic surveys
  • Up to 50 satellites
  • 3” Outside Diameter Tool
  • Standard 7 conductor wireline
  • Real time data transmission
  • Multiple 3 component sensor options
  • 24-bit delta sigma convertors
  • Unique Active Cooling System for continuous operation at 180oC
  • 25,000psi (1700 bar) pressure rating
  • Up to 200m (>600’) between satellites
  • Gapless recording for passive monitoring surveys
  • Quick and easy conversion from Analogue to Digital operation
  • Tractor Deployment

 


Functionality 

 

The GeochainTM VSP array has been designed for use in open and cased holes using standard 7 conductor wireline. The array is based on the well proven ASR-1 downhole geophone and can be used in wells up to 25,000 psi (1,750 bar) and hole sizes from 3 1⁄2”-22” (89 to 559mm). The modular nature of the ASR-1 tool allows quick optmisation for various surveys ranging from high temperature deep well check shot to complex high sensitivity microseismic monitoring.

All the satellites locking arms open and close simultaneously and the entire string can lock into a 9 5⁄8” (244mm) well in only 30 seconds. All satellites have a failsafe arm mechanism for retrieval of the string in the event of power failure. All Inter-Tool Cables (ITC) use standard 7 conductor wireline. The cable heads have graduated weak links and composite pressure bulkhead connectors are used throughout. A rigid ITC option is also available to preserve sensor orientation.

 

An optional TCU-2 tension head and motion detector provide real time surface read out to prevent tool hang up. A threshold alarm can be set to warn the wireline operator if tension or motion levels change. Full in-field processing is provided by our highly praised ACQ Software Suite featuring the latest VSProwess processing package.

Gamma Ray tool or CCL can be used for depth correlation and an auxiliary line is free for use with a downhole source or gyro tool and the system is tractor deployable for deviated wells.

 


Digital Operation

 

When used in digital mode, the GeochainTM employs the TAS-2 telemetry adapter section and VRS-1 Voltage regulator section at the top and bottom of the tool string respectively.  The ASR-1 downhole satellites are populated with the distributed electronic modules featuring 24 bit Delta-Sigma converters for maximum dynamic range along with real time data transmission and display. Constant synchronisation of the string allows for very long record lengths.

Our unique active cooling system (ACS) allows continuous operation up to 180oC within a hermetically sealed environment, and the robust telemetry system will ensure operation in the harshest conditions.

Up to 50 satellites can be used in the array with a maximum tool spacing of >600 feet (200m).

 


Analogue Operation

 

Analogue Mode

The modular construction of the standard (analogue) ASR-1 allows it to be easily converted to digital mode in just minutes.  Replacement of the electronic module with a 200ᵒC rated downhole amplifier (DHA) enables a single or dual level string to be deployed within very hot wells.  The DHA and sensor pack can be upgraded to ASR-1 Extra High Temperature (EHT) to provide 225ᵒC operational temperature.


Specifications

 

Advanced Seismic Receiver (ASR-1)
ASR-1 (HP) Satellite Specifications
 
Length 35” (884mm)
Diameter 3” (76mm)
Weight 41lbs (19kg)
Max locking range 12” (305mm) Standard or 22” (559mm) with an arm extender
Max locking force 300 lbs (Standard Arm)
Temperature 400oF (204oC) Analogue, 180oC (Digital)
Pressure 25,000psi (1750 bar)
Sensors 3 Component Gimbal – Sensor SM-4 HT 10Hz
  3 Component Fixed – SMC 2400 15Hz Omni- Dual/Quad
Well Deviation Control 0o-95o
Panels GPP & GSP-1 (Digital)
  DCP-2 & GSP-1 (Analogue)
  WMP – (Optional Wireline QC Tool)
 
 System Specifications
Downhole Specifications  
Max. No. of Satellites 50
Telemetry Sample interval Bandwidth Hz ASR’s
  1/4ms 1600 8 (16)
  1/2ms 800 16
  1ms 400 32
  1.5ms 266 48
Dynamic Range >112dB @ 0dB pre-gain (minimum)
A/D convertor 24 bit Delta-Sigma
Distortion <0.02%
DC offset Self-calibrating
Max. data rate
1.536Mbit/second
Min. data rate 256kbit/second

 

Surface Specifications  
Recording panel GPP and GSP-1 (Digital) DCP-2 and GSP-1 (Analogue)
Software ASL Acquisition Suite and Copy of VSProwess© Processing Software
Cable equalisation Fully automatic using internal DSP chip
Down-going data rate 2 kbit/second
Airgun firing pulse 60 V, 30ms
Test system Fully automatic with comprehensive report generation
PC Interface USB
Power Requirements 100/230 V AC, 47-63 Hz universal input, 30 watts
Operating Temp 0-500F
Enclosure Standard 19” rack mounting

 

 

 

 

 

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